Scientific Papers

Cryptic habitat use of white sharks in kelp forest

Cryptic habitat use of white sharks in kelp forest

Cryptic habitat use of white sharks in kelp forest revealed by animal-borne video Oliver J. D. Jewell, Adrian C. Gleiss, Salvador J. Jorgensen, Samantha Andrzejaczek, Jerry H. Moxley, Stephen J. Beatty, Martin Wikelski, Barbara A. Block, Taylor K. Chapple ABSTRACT: Traditional forms of marine wildlife research are often restricted to coarse telemetry or surface-based observations,

Hybridization between sympatric hammerhead sharks in the western North Atlantic Ocean

Hybridization between sympatric hammerhead sharks in the western North Atlantic Ocean

Hybridization between sympatric hammerhead sharks in the western North Atlantic Ocean Amanda M. Barker, Douglas H. Adams, William B. Driggers, Bryan S. Frazier, David S. Portnoy ABSTRACT: Hybridization between closely related species has been documented across a wide range of taxa but has not been well studied in elasmobranchs. Hammerhead sharks have drawn global conservation

Official catch data underrepresent shark and ray taxa caught in Mediterranean Sea

Official catch data underrepresent shark and ray taxa caught in Mediterranean Sea

Official catch data underrepresent shark and ray taxa caught in Mediterranean and Black Sea fisheries Madeline S. Cashion, Nicolas Bailly, Daniel Pauly ABSTRACT: One in four fishes of the subclass Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) is estimated to be threatened with extinction, according to the IUCN Red List. Their primary threat is overfishing, but data deficiency

Trophic partitioning between sharks coexisting in the North Aegean Sea

Trophic partitioning between sharks coexisting in the North Aegean Sea

Trophic partitioning between abundant demersal sharks coexisting in the North Aegean Sea Emre Yemisken, Joan Navarro, Manuela Forero, Persefoni Megalofonou, Lutfiye Eryilmaz ABSTRACT: We examined the feeding ecology (diet, trophic width and trophic position) of five demersal shark species (Mustelus mustelus Linnaeus, 1758, Galeus melastomus Rafinesque, 1810, Scyliorhinus canicula Linnaeus, 1758, Scyliorhinus stellaris Linnaeus, 1758,

Sharks in the southern South China Sea

Sharks in the southern South China Sea

Diversity, occurrence and conservation of sharks in the southern South China Sea Takaomi Arai, Azie Azri ABSTRACT: Sharks constitute a vital sector of marine and estuarine nekton and are of great commercial importance all over the world. International concern over the fate of shark fisheries has grown recently. However, information concerning the species diversity, geographic

Shape analysis of shark jaws as a tool to identify species involved in incidents with humans

Shape analysis of shark jaws as a tool to identify species involved in incidents with humans

Shape analysis of shark jaws as a tool to identify species involved in incidents with humans Duarte-Neto P, Rodrigues J, Lessa R ABSTRACT: Shark incidents in Recife, Pernambuco state (Brazil), are registered since 1992. The occurrence of those events is in a relatively small area of urban beaches of about 30 km long, making up one

Heavy metal accumulation in and food safety of shark meat from Jeju island

Heavy metal accumulation in and food safety of shark meat from Jeju island

Heavy metal accumulation in and food safety of shark meat from Jeju island, Republic of Korea Sang Wha Kim, Se Jin Han, Yonggab Kim, Jin Woo Jun, Sib Sankar Giri, Cheng Chi, Saekil Yun, Hyoun Joong Kim, Sang Guen Kim, Jeong Woo Kang, Jun Kwon, Woo Taek Oh, Jehyun Cha, Seunghee Han, Byeong Chun Lee,

Not all electric shark deterrents are made equal

Not all electric shark deterrents are made equal

Not all electric shark deterrents are made equal: Effects of a commercial electric anklet deterrent on white shark behaviour Channing A. Egeberg, Ryan M. Kempster, Nathan S. Hart, Laura Ryan, Lucille Chapuis, Caroline C. Kerr, Carl Schmidt, Enrico Gennari, Kara E. Yopak, Shaun P. Collin ABSTRACT: Personal shark deterrents offer the potential of a non-lethal

Meta‐analysis of post‐release fishing mortality in apex predatory pelagic sharks

Meta‐analysis of post‐release fishing mortality in apex predatory pelagic sharks

Meta‐analysis of post‐release fishing mortality in apex predatory pelagic sharks and white marlin Michael K. Musyl, Eric L. Gilman ABSTRACT: Robust assessments of the effects of fishing require accounting for components of fishing mortality, including post‐release fishing mortality (Fr). Random‐effects meta‐analysis synthesized Fr in seven pelagic shark species captured, tagged and released with 401 pop‐up

Risks to biodiversity and coastal livelihoods from artisanal elasmobranch fisheries

Risks to biodiversity and coastal livelihoods from artisanal elasmobranch fisheries

Risks to biodiversity and coastal livelihoods from artisanal elasmobranch fisheries in a Least Developed Country: The Gambia (West Africa) Alec B. M. Moore, Bernard Séret, Roy Armstrong ABSTRACT: Developing nations in tropical regions harbour rich biological resources on which humans depend for food, income and employment, yet data to aid their management is often lacking.

Skeletal kinematics of the hyoid arch in the suction-feeding shark Chiloscyllium plagiosum

Skeletal kinematics of the hyoid arch in the suction-feeding shark Chiloscyllium plagiosum

Skeletal kinematics of the hyoid arch in the suction-feeding shark Chiloscyllium plagiosum Bradley Scott, Cheryl A. D. Wilga, Elizabeth L. Brainerd ABSTRACT: White-spotted bamboo sharks, Chiloscyllium plagiosum, generate strong suction-feeding pressures that rival the highest levels measured in ray-finned fishes. However, the hyostylic jaw suspension of these sharks is fundamentally different from the actinopterygian mechanism,

Trends in global shark attacks

Trends in global shark attacks

Trends in global shark attacks Stephen R. Midway, Tyler Wagner, George H. Burgess ABSTRACT: Shark attacks are a global phenomenon that attracts widespread attention and publicity, often with negative outcomes for shark populations. Despite the widespread perceptions of shark attacks, trends in human water activities and shark populations are both dynamic, resulting in variable rates

Inter-individual differences in ontogenetic trophic shifts among three marine predators

Inter-individual differences in ontogenetic trophic shifts among three marine predators

Inter-individual differences in ontogenetic trophic shifts among three marine predators Philip Matich, Jeremy J. Kiszka, Michael R. Heithaus, Baptiste Le Bourg, Johann Mourier ABSTRACT: Ontogenetic niche shifts are widespread. However, individual differences in size at birth, morphology, sex, and personalities can cause variability in behavior. As such, inherent inter-individual differences within populations may lead to

A Perspective on Future Tiger Shark Research

A Perspective on Future Tiger Shark Research

A Perspective on Future Tiger Shark Research Kim N. Holland, James M. Anderson, Daniel M. Coffey, Bonnie J. Holmes, Carl G. Meyer, Mark A. Royer ABSTRACT: This “Perspectives” paper identifies aspects of tiger shark (Galeocerdo cuvier) biology that are currently unknown or for which additional data are needed to improve interpretive power. Some of these

Disappearance of white sharks leads to the novel emergence of an allopatric apex predator

Disappearance of white sharks leads to the novel emergence of an allopatric apex predator

Disappearance of white sharks leads to the novel emergence of an allopatric apex predator, the sevengill shark Neil Hammerschlag, Lacey Williams, Monique Fallows, Chris Fallows ABSTRACT: Despite global declines of apex predatory sharks, evidence for ecosystem consequences remains limited and debated. This is likely a result of both the logistical difficulties of measuring such processes