Scientific Papers

Biology, fishing and conservation of the blue shark

Biology, fishing and conservation of the blue shark

Current knowledge on biology, fishing and conservation of the blue shark (Prionace glauca) Thaísy Emmanuelle Florentino da Silva, Rosangela Lessa, Francisco Marcante Santana ABSTRACT: The blue shark (Prionace glauca) is a large predator in marine ecosystems, figuring as the most common and abundant species in oceanic fisheries. For this reason, many studies on this species

The impact of injury on apparent survival of whale sharks in South Ari Atoll

The impact of injury on apparent survival of whale sharks in South Ari Atoll

The impact of injury on apparent survival of whale sharks (Rhincodon typus) in South Ari Atoll Marine Protected Area, Maldives Jessica Harvey-Carroll, Joshua D. Stewart, Daire Carroll, Basith Mohamed, Ibrahim Shameel, Irthisham H. Zareer, Gonzalo Araujo, Richard Rees ABSTRACT: The whale shark (Rhincodon typus) is an endangered species with a declining global population. The South

Development and characterization of thirteen novel microsatellite markers for use in Greenland sharks

Development and characterization of thirteen novel microsatellite markers for use in Greenland sharks

Development and characterization of thirteen novel microsatellite markers for use in Greenland sharks (Somniosus microcephalus), with cross-amplification in Pacific sleeper sharks (Somniosus pacificus) Swintek, M.A., Walter, R.P. ABSTRACT: Objective The objectives of this work are to isolate, develop, and characterize polymorphic microsatellite markers for use in Greenland sharks (Somniosus microcephalus). Results Thirteen microsatellite loci were

Climate-driven deoxygenation elevates fishing vulnerability for the ocean’s widest ranging shark

Climate-driven deoxygenation elevates fishing vulnerability for the ocean’s widest ranging shark

Climate-driven deoxygenation elevates fishing vulnerability for the ocean’s widest ranging shark Marisa Vedor, Nuno Queiroz Is a corresponding author , Gonzalo Mucientes, Ana Couto, Ivo da Costa, António dos Santos, Frederic Vandeperre, Jorge Fontes, Pedro Afonso, Rui Rosa, Nicolas E Humphries, David W Sims ABSTRACT: Climate-driven expansions of ocean hypoxic zones are predicted to concentrate

Alternative systems to catch and kill for mitigating unprovoked shark bites

Alternative systems to catch and kill for mitigating unprovoked shark bites

A comparison of alternative systems to catch and kill for mitigating unprovoked shark bite on bathers or surfers at ocean beaches Daryl P. McPhee, Craig Blount, Marcus P. Lincoln Smith. Victor M. Peddemors ABSTRACT: Responses to unprovoked shark bite involve public policies and management approaches that contend with the needs of public safety and the

Importance of shark fisheries for the livelihoods of coastal communities in Western Ghana

Importance of shark fisheries for the livelihoods of coastal communities in Western Ghana

Fishing for survival: importance of shark fisheries for the livelihoods of coastal communities in Western Ghana Issah Seidu, Lawrence K. Brobbey, Emmanuel Danquah, Samuel K. Oppong, David van Beuningen, Moro Seidu, Nicholas K. Dulvy ABSTRACT: Small-scale shark fisheries support a large number of coastal community livelihoods in developing countries. Shark meat comprises a cheap source

Blood biochemical status of deep-sea sharks

Blood biochemical status of deep-sea sharks

Blood biochemical status of deep-sea sharks following longline capture in the Gulf of Mexico Bianca K Prohaska, Brendan S Talwar, R Dean Grubbs ABSTRACT: Prior to the Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill, little research effort was focused on studying deep-sea sharks in the Gulf of Mexico (GoM). While the biology of these fishes remains virtually

Anthropogenic injury and site fidelity in Maldivian whale sharks

Anthropogenic injury and site fidelity in Maldivian whale sharks

Anthropogenic injury and site fidelity in Maldivian whale sharks (Rhincodon typus) Harriet L. Allen, Bryce D. Stewart, Colin J. McClean, James Hancock, Richard Rees ABSTRACT: 1. Whale sharks collect in predictable seasonal aggregations across the tropics. South Ari Atoll in the Maldives is one of a few aggregation sites where whale sharks can be encountered

Range extension of the Critically Endangered shorttail nurse shark

Range extension of the Critically Endangered shorttail nurse shark

Range extension of the Critically Endangered shorttail nurse shark Pseudoginglymostoma brevicaudatum (Orectolobiformes: Ginglymostomatidae) to include Mozambique, with implications for management Rhett H. Bennett, David A. Ebert, Jorge J. Sitoe, Stela Fernando, Mark Harris, David van Beuningen, Aseeqah Davids ABSTRACT: The Critically Endangered shorttail nurse shark Pseudoginglymostoma brevicaudatum (Günther, 1866) is a small-bodied Orectolobiform shark found

Future thermal regimes for epaulette sharks

Future thermal regimes for epaulette sharks

Future thermal regimes for epaulette sharks (Hemiscyllium ocellatum): growth and metabolic performance cease to be optimal Carolyn R. Wheeler, Jodie L. Rummer, Barbara Bailey, Jamie Lockwood, Shelby Vance, John W. Mandelman ABSTRACT: Climate change is affecting thermal regimes globally, and organisms relying on their environment to regulate biological processes face unknown consequences. In ectotherms, temperature

Sandbar shark aggregation in the central Mediterranean Sea

Sandbar shark aggregation in the central Mediterranean Sea

Sandbar shark aggregation in the central Mediterranean Sea and potential effects of tourism C. Cattano, G. Turco, M. Di Lorenzo, M. Gristina, G. Visconti, M. Milazzo ABSTRACT: 1. An aggregation of sandbar sharks Carcharhinus plumbeus occurs every summer around the remote uninhabited islet of Lampione (Pelagie Islands Marine Protected Area, south‐western Mediterranean Sea), attracting an

Metal concentrations in coastal sharks from The Bahamas

Metal concentrations in coastal sharks from The Bahamas

Metal concentrations in coastal sharks from The Bahamas with a focus on the Caribbean Reef shark Oliver N. Shipley, Cheng-Shiuan Lee, Nicholas S. Fisher, James K. Sternlicht, Sami Kattan, Erica R. Staaterman, Neil Hammerschlag, Austin J. Gallagher ABSTRACT: Over the last century anthropogenic activities have rapidly increased the influx of metals and metalloids entering the

Seasonal Occurrence, Horizontal Movements, and Habitat Use Patterns of Whale Sharks in the Gulf of Mexico

Seasonal Occurrence, Horizontal Movements, and Habitat Use Patterns of Whale Sharks in the Gulf of Mexico

Seasonal Occurrence, Horizontal Movements, and Habitat Use Patterns of Whale Sharks (Rhincodon typus) in the Gulf of Mexico Eric R. Hoffmayer, Jennifer A. McKinney, James S. Franks, Jill M. Hendon, William B. Driggers III, Brett J. Falterman, Benjamin Galuardi, Michael E. Byrne ABSTRACT: In the northern Gulf of Mexico (GOM), whale sharks (Rhincodon typus) form

Review of Shark Attacks Off Florida’s Coast, 1960 – 2016

Review of Shark Attacks Off Florida’s Coast, 1960 – 2016

A Biting Review of Shark Attacks Off Florida’s Coast, 1960 – 2016 Chris J. Thompson, Kenneth J. Dieker, Isabel D. Chandler, Jason F. Berger, Paul Martin Sommers ABSTRACT: The authors examine the monthly total and average number of unprovoked shark attacks off Florida’s Atlantic and Gulf coasts between 1960 and 2016, with special emphasis on

First records of the megamouth shark as bycatch in Peruvian small-scale net fisheries

First records of the megamouth shark as bycatch in Peruvian small-scale net fisheries

First records of the megamouth shark Megachasma pelagios (Taylor, Compagno & Struhsaker, 1983) as bycatch in Peruvian small-scale net fisheries Acuña-Perales, N., Córdova-Zavaleta, F., Alfaro-Shigueto, J., Mangel, J.C. ABSTRACT: Between October 2018 and October 2019, seven megamouth sharks were reported as bycatch in the small-scale surface and midwater gillnet fisheries operating from the ports of