Scientific Papers

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Overfishing of an apex marine predator

Overfishing of an apex marine predator

Published online on 02. August 2017 Satellite telemetry reveals higher fishing mortality rates than previously estimated, suggesting overfishing of an apex marine predator Michael E. Byrne, Enric Cortés, Jeremy J. Vaudo, Guy C. McN. Harvey, Mark Sampson, Bradley M. Wetherbee, Mahmood Shivji ABSTRACT: Overfishing is a primary cause of population declines for many shark species

Occurrence of the whitetip reef shark at the Kermadec Islands

Occurrence of the whitetip reef shark at the Kermadec Islands

Published on 05. July 2017 Occurrence of the whitetip reef shark Triaenodon obesus at the Kermadec Islands, Southwest Pacific Ocean C. A. J. Duffy, N. D. Forrester, T. K. Gibson & S. Hathaway ABSTRACT: Four observations of what was probably a single vagrant adult female whitetip reef shark Triaenodon obesus were made at Raoul and

Population structure and connectivity of tiger sharks across the Indo-Pacific Ocean basin

Population structure and connectivity of tiger sharks across the Indo-Pacific Ocean basin

Published on 05. July 2017 Population structure and connectivity of tiger sharks (Galeocerdo cuvier) across the Indo-Pacific Ocean basin Bonnie J. Holmes, Samuel M. Williams, Nicholas M. Otway, Einar E. Nielsen, Safia L. Maher, Mike B. Bennett, Jennifer R. Ovenden ABSTRACT: Population genetic structure using nine polymorphic nuclear microsatellite loci was assessed for the tiger

Feeding ecology of elasmobranch species in southeastern Brazil

Feeding ecology of elasmobranch species in southeastern Brazil

Published on 03. Juli 2017 Feeding ecology of elasmobranch species in southeastern Brazil Alessandra F. Viana, Jean L. Valentin, Marcelo Vianna ABSTRACT: The feeding ecology of five elasmobranch species was studied on the southern coast of Rio de Janeiro, southwestern Atlantic Ocean. The specimens were caught with a trawl or bottom longline between January 2006

Blood mercury levels and shark meat intake among workers in Gyeongsangbuk-do

Blood mercury levels and shark meat intake among workers in Gyeongsangbuk-do

Published on 27. June 2017 The associations between blood mercury levels and shark meat intake among workers in Gyeongsangbuk-do Gun Il Park, Young Seok Byun, Man Joong Jeon, Joon Sakong ABSTRACT: Background Shark meat is used as sacrificial food in Gyeongsangbuk-do, and is a major source of dietary mercury. This study aimed to evaluate the

Muscle development in the shark Scyliorhinus canicula

Muscle development in the shark Scyliorhinus canicula

Published on 21. June 2017 Muscle development in the shark Scyliorhinus canicula: implications for the evolution of the gnathostome head and paired appendage musculature Janine M. Ziermann, Renata Freitas, Rui Diogo ABSTRACT: Background The origin of jawed vertebrates was marked by profound reconfigurations of the skeleton and muscles of the head and by the acquisition

Movement Patterns of Bonnethead Sharks

Movement Patterns of Bonnethead Sharks

Published in June 2017 Movement Patterns of Sphyrna tiburo (Bonnethead Shark) in a Shallow Tidal Creek System Dontrece T. Smith and Mary Carla Curran ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to use acoustic telemetry to elucidate the small-scale habitat-utilization patterns of Sphyrna tiburo (Bonnethead Shark, hereafter, Bonnethead) in relation to diel and tidal cycles

Distribution, seasonal movements and habitat utilisation of an endangered shark from northern Australia

Distribution, seasonal movements and habitat utilisation of an endangered shark from northern Australia

Published on 21. June 2017 Distribution, seasonal movements and habitat utilisation of an endangered shark, Glyphis glyphis, from northern Australia B. J. Lyon, R. G. Dwyer, R. D. Pillans, H. A. Campbell, C. E. Franklin ABSTRACT: Euryhaline and freshwater elasmobranchs are considered amongst the most threatened groups of aquatic animals. The speartooth shark Glyphis glyphis

Importance of productive Mozambican coastal waters to whale sharks

Importance of productive Mozambican coastal waters to whale sharks

Published on 20. June 2017 Satellite tagging highlights the importance of productive Mozambican coastal waters to the ecology and conservation of whale sharks Christoph A Rohner​, Anthony J Richardson, Fabrice R A Jaine, Michael B Bennett, Scarla J Weeks, Geremy Cliff, David P Robinson, Simon J Pierce ABSTRACT: Recent advances in tracking technologies and analytical

Drivers of abundance and spatial distribution of reef-associated sharks

Drivers of abundance and spatial distribution of reef-associated sharks

Published on 31. May 2017 Drivers of abundance and spatial distribution of reef-associated sharks in an isolated atoll reef system David M. Tickler, Tom B. Letessier, Heather J. Koldewey, Jessica J. Meeuwig ABSTRACT: We investigated drivers of reef shark demography across a large and isolated marine protected area, the British Indian Ocean Territory Marine Reserve,

Elasmobranch fisheries in the Arabian Seas Region

Elasmobranch fisheries in the Arabian Seas Region

First published on 22. May 2017 Elasmobranch fisheries in the Arabian Seas Region: Characteristics, trade and management Rima W Jabado, Julia L Y Spaet ABSTRACT: The Arabian Seas Region plays an important role in the global landings and trade of sharks and rays. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Yemen, two countries with stark socio-economic

A global overview of shark sanctuary regulations and their impact on shark fisheries

A global overview of shark sanctuary regulations and their impact on shark fisheries

Published online on 11. May 2017 A global overview of shark sanctuary regulations and their impact on shark fisheries Christine A. Ward-Paige ABSTRACT: Due to rapid declines of shark populations across many species and regions of the world, the need for large-scale conservation measures has become widely recognized. Some coastal states have opted to implement

A new deep-water catshark from the northwestern Indian Ocean off Somalia

A new deep-water catshark from the northwestern Indian Ocean off Somalia

Published on 08. May 2017 Bythaelurus vivaldii, a new deep-water catshark (Carcharhiniformes,Scyliorhinidae) from the northwestern Indian Ocean off Somalia Simon Weigmann, Carina Julia Kaschner ABSTRACT: A new very small deep-water catshark, Bythaelurus vivaldii, is described based on two female specimens caught off Somalia in the northwestern Indian Ocean during the German ‘Valdivia’ expedition in 1899.

Tracking the habitat use of whale sharks off the Pacific coast of Mexico

Tracking the habitat use of whale sharks off the Pacific coast of Mexico

Published on 4. May 2017 Oceanic adults, coastal juveniles: tracking the habitat use of whale sharks off the Pacific coast of Mexico Dení Ramírez-Macías, Nuno Queiroz, Simon J. Pierce, Nicolas E. Humphries, David W. Sims, Juerg M. Brunnschweiler ABSTRACT: Eight whale sharks tagged with pop-up satellite archival tags off the Gulf of California, Mexico, were

Skeletal Indicators of Shark Feeding on Human Remains

Skeletal Indicators of Shark Feeding on Human Remains

Published on 02. May 2017 Skeletal Indicators of Shark Feeding on Human Remains: Evidence from Florida Forensic Anthropology Cases Michala K. Stock M.A., Allysha P. Winburn M.A., George H. Burgess M. ABSTRACT: This research examines a series of six Florida forensic anthropology cases that exhibit taphonomic evidence of marine deposition and shark-feeding activities. In each

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