The diet of porbeagle shark Lamna nasus

Published on
26. July 2021

Eating catch of the day: The diet of porbeagle shark Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre 1788) based on stomach content analysis, and the interaction with trawl fisheries in the southwestern Atlantic (52°S–56°S)

Belleggia Mauro, Colonello Jorge, Cortés Federico, Figueroa Daniel


The present work examined the diet of the porbeagle shark Lamna nasus in the Southwest Atlantic Ocean (SWAO, Argentina, 52°S–56°S), by analyzing the stomach content information obtained by scientific observers, that sampled specimens captured as by catch on-board commercial fishing vessels from 2010 to 2020. A total of 148 fishing sites analyzed in which the estimated catch was composed mainly hoki Macruronus magellanicus (56.00%) and southern blue whiting Micromesistius australis (33.13%). From 413 porbeagle sharks sampled (292 females and 121 males) ranging from 71 to 241 cm TL (mean: 179.76 ± 26.74 cm), 310 (75.06%) contained food in the stomachs. The forage fish were mainly hoki M. magellanicus (23.53%) and southern blue whiting M. australis (19.05%), followed by the Patagonian sprat Sprattus fuegensis (4.48%) and nototheniids (1.4%). Cephalopods and crustaceans accounted 10% of the diet. The estimated trophic level was 4.35. Generalized linear models revealed that the consumption of hoki M. magellanicus and southern blue whiting M. australis increased with the total length of the porbeagle shark. Moreover, smaller porbeagle sharks preyed upon both small and large teleost fish, whereas larger porbeagle sharks predated exclusively upon large fish. The diet of porbeagle shark involved interactions with fisheries as it feed upon the fish species that constituted the main catch in the analyzed fishing sites, as well as the main catches of the austral trawl fisheries. The ecological role of porbeagle shark observed in the SWAO exposed implication for fisheries management from a multispecies perspective.

Journal of Fish Biology, DOI: 10.1111/jfb.14864


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