The immunoglobulins of cartilaginous fishes

Published online on
23. September 2020

The immunoglobulins of cartilaginous fishes

Hanover Matz, Danish Munir, James Logue, Helen Dooley


Cartilaginous fishes, comprising the chimeras, sharks, skates, and rays, split from the common ancestor with other jawed vertebrates approx. 450 million years ago. Being the oldest extant taxonomic group to possess an immunoglobulin (Ig)-based adaptive immune system, examination of this group has taught us much about the evolution of adaptive immunity, as well as the conserved and taxon-specific characteristics of Igs. Significant progress has been made analyzing sequences from numerous genomic and transcriptomic data sets. These findings have been supported by additional functional studies characterizing the Igs and humoral response of sharks and their relatives. This review will summarize what we have learned about the genomic organization, protein structure, and in vivo function of these Ig isotypes in cartilaginous fishes and highlight the areas where our knowledge is still lacking.

Developmental & Comparative Immunology, Volume 115, February 2021, DOI: 10.1016/j.dci.2020.103873


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