Analysis of Shark Fisheries Typology in TPI Pangandaran

Published on
18. June 2020

Analysis of Shark Fisheries Typology in TPI Pangandaran, Pangandaran Regency, Indonesia

Indriyani Rahayu, Zuzy Anna, Achmad Rizal, Iwang Gumilar


Knowledge of the shark fisheries typology for manager or related stakeholder is a supporting factor for the success of the basic fisheries management program, especially shark fisheries. This study aims to analyze the technical, social and cultural typology of shark fisheries in TPI Pangandaran, Pangandaran Regency. This research was conducted using the case study method and the method of sampling (purposive sampling) and the data were analyzed descriptively qualitatively and quantitatively, the qualitative method is carried out by interpreting data, facts and information that have been collected through an understanding that is built based on empirical experience, quantitative method is done by using a measurement scale, measurement scale based on data obtained from the questionnaire. The benefits of the results of this study are expected to be input for managers and related stakeholders in formulating policies for the development of fisheries activities, especially shark fisheries so that shark fisheries in Indonesia can be sustainable. The results showed that the commercial status of fishermen is the main occupation, including labor fishermen, the average fisherman goes to sea in a day. In general, fishermen are aged between 44-54 years with primary education level with 10-20 years of work experience. Catching sharks is carried out using a 3 GT motorized boat, with trips (years) of 210 times on the 3 GT vessel size and the type of fishing gear used is Gill net. The shark catching areas were obtained from Pangandaran Beach, Pananjung Bay, Nusakambangan Waters and Cilacap waters. There are two types of sharks that are landed in TPI Pangandaran namely Lonjor Sharks (Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos) and Martil Sharks (Sphyrna lewini). The largest production output in 2019 is 5887 kg. The results of the feasibility analysis of shark fishery business in TPI Pangandaran are with a profit value of Rp. 10.200.000 and the value of the Benefit Cost Ratio (BCR) which is 1.2 means that the business is feasible and sustainable.

Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research, 7(1), 23-35, DOI 10.9734/ajfar/2020/v7i130108


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