Growth and spatiotemporal distribution of juvenile shortfin mako in the western and central North Pacific
Published online on 12. May 2015
Growth and spatiotemporal distribution of juvenile shortfin mako
(Isurus oxyrinchus) in the western and central North Pacific
M. Kai, K. Shiozaki, S. Ohshimo, K. Yokawa
This paper presents an estimation of growth curves and spatiotemporal distributions of juvenile shortfin mako shark (Isurus oxyrinchus) in the western and central North Pacific Ocean using port sampling data collected from 2005 to 2013. The monthly length compositions show a clear transition of three modes in the size range of smaller than 150-cm precaudal length (PCL), which were believed to represent the growth of age-0 to age-2 classes, and they were then decomposed into age groups by fitting a Gaussian mixture distribution. Simulation data of lengths at monthly ages were generated from the mean and standard deviation of each distribution, and fit with a von Bertalanffy growth function. Parameters of the estimated growth curves for males and females were 274.4 and 239.4 cm PCL for the asymptotic length and 0.19 and 0.25 year–1 for the growth coefficient indicating apparently faster growth than previously reported. Generalised linear models were applied to age-0 to explore the seasonal changes of PCL by area. They were born during late autumn and winter off the coast of north-eastern Japan, an area known to have relatively high productivity compared with other pelagic areas, and gradually expanded their habitat eastward and northward with the seasons as they grew.
Marine and Freshwater Research – DOI 10.1071/MF14316