First data on the age, growth and sexual maturity of the piked spurdog in the Gulf of Gabès
Published online on 29. July 2015
First data on the age, growth and sexual maturity of the piked spurdog,
Squalus megalops (Chondrichthyes: Squalidae), in the Gulf of Gabès
(central Mediterranean Sea)
Sondes Marouani, Hasna Kadri, Mohamed Nejmeddine Bradai
The occurrence of the piked spurdog (Squalus megalops) in the Gulf of Gabès (Tunisia, central Mediterranean Sea) was recently confirmed. The present study is the first to report the age, growth, longevity, natural mortality and size and age at maturity of this species in the Mediterranean Sea, precisely in the Gulf of Gabès. Marginal increment and edge analysis suggested annual band formation. Age estimates ranged from 0 to 26 and from 0 to 29 years for males and females respectively. Von Bertalanffy growth parameters derived from length-at-age data were: the theoretical asymptotic length L∞ = 82.31 ± 1.55 cm, the growth-rate coefficient k = 0.06 ± 0.003 years–1, the theoretical age at length zero t0 = –3.89 ± 0.25 years for females; and L∞ = 68.55 ± 0.98 cm, k = 0.08 ± 0.003 years–1, t0 = –4.65 ± 0.25 years for males. Males and females reached maturity at 44.36- and 56.41-cm total length, corresponding to 8.39 and 15.38 years respectively. Longevity estimates were 32.85 and 46.11 years for males and females respectively. On the basis of life-history parameters, natural mortality estimation M ranged from 0.14 to 0.17.
Marine and Freshwater Research, Early View Version, DOI: 10.1071/MF14356