Unexpected Headless and Tailless Fish in the Stomach Content of Shortfin MakoPublished on 12. February 2014
Unexpected Headless and Tailless Fish in the Stomach Content of Shortfin Mako Isurus oxyrinchus
Sebastián Biton Porsmoguer, Daniela Bănaru, Philippe Béarez, Ivan Dekeyser, Manuel Merchán Fornelino, Charles F. Boudouresque
The stomach content of 113 individuals of shortfin mako Isurus oxyrinchus was analyzed. Individuals were sampled at landing in Vigo (Spain) and captured by sea-surface long-liners in the vicinity of the Azores Archipelago and between Azores and the Iberian Peninsula, in March and October 2012, and March 2013. Teleosts constituted the dominant item, mainly Atlantic saury Scomberesox saurus (87% of teleost prey). Among them, 94% were deprived of both head and the caudal fin, while the flesh and bones of the body were preserved. The presence of eye’s lenses, the number of which was consistent with the number of fish remains, likely rules out the elimination of the heads before ingestion. There is no obvious explanation for this unexpected and unrecorded pattern of digestion.
PLoS ONE 9(2): e88488. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0088488