Taxonomy of two species of dogfish in Tunisian waters

Published online on 22. November 2011

Taxonomic research on Squalus megalops (Macleay, 1881) and Squalus blainvillei (Risso, 1827) (Chondrichthyes: Squalidae) in Tunisian waters (central Mediterranean Sea)

Sondes Marouani, Raja Chaâba, Hasna Kadri, Bechir Saidi, Abderrahmen Bouain, Ferruccio Maltagliati, Peter Last, Bernard Séret and Mohamed Nejmeddine Bradai


Two species of spurdog of the genus Squalus occur in the Gulf of Gabès (southern Tunisia, central Mediterranean): the longnose spurdog Squalus blainvillei (Risso, 1827) and a short-snout spurdog of the Squalus megalops-cubensis group. Morphometric and meristic data as well as a genetic analyses (DNA inter-simple sequence repeat markers and molecular barcoding methods) support the assignation of this short-snout spurdog to Squalus megalops (Macleay, 1881). Squalus megalops occurs commonly in temperate and tropical Australian waters, and is also thought to occur in the eastern Atlantic, southern Indian Ocean and western North Pacific although these records need to be confirmed. Our study confirms that it occurs in the Mediterranean Sea. Populations of both S. blainvillei and S. megalops are described based on Tunisian material.

Scientia Marina – Forthcoming article – ISSN: 0214-8358 – doi: 10.3989/scimar.03440.22B

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