Scientific Papers

The role of fisheries and the environment in driving the decline of elasmobranchs in the northern Adriatic Sea

The role of fisheries and the environment in driving the decline of elasmobranchs in the northern Adriatic Sea

Published online on 12. January 2014 The role of fisheries and the environment in driving the decline of elasmobranchs in the northern Adriatic Sea Alberto Barausse, Vittoria Correale, Aleksia Curkovic, Licia Finotto, Emilio Riginella, Eleonora Visentin, Carlotta Mazzoldi ABSTRACT: Elasmobranch populations are declining worldwide, calling for urgent assessment of fishery exploitation and application of effective

Human impact on the presence of sharks at diving sites in Egypt

Human impact on the presence of sharks at diving sites in Egypt

Published in 2013 HUMAN IMPACT ON THE PRESENCE OF SHARKS AT DIVING SITES OF THE SOUTHERN RED SEA, EGYPT Ahmed M. Shawky, Alessandro De Maddalena ABSTRACT: A study of human impact on the presence and behavior of sharks was carried out June to November 2008 at these Red Sea diving sites: Elphinstone Reef, Daedalus Reef,

Elephant shark genome provides unique insights into gnathostome evolution

Elephant shark genome provides unique insights into gnathostome evolution

Published online on 08. January 2014 Elephant shark genome provides unique insights into gnathostome evolution Venkatesh et al. ABSTRACT: The emergence of jawed vertebrates (gnathostomes) from jawless vertebrates was accompanied by major morphological and physiological innovations, such as hinged jaws, paired fins and immunoglobulin-based adaptive immunity. Gnathostomes subsequently diverged into two groups, the cartilaginous fishes

Sizing up the ecological role of sharks as predators

Sizing up the ecological role of sharks as predators

Published on 09. January 2014 Sizing up the ecological role of sharks as predators Michelle R. Heupel, Danielle M. Knip, Colin A. Simpfendorfer, Nicholas K. Dulvy ABSTRACT: The decline of predators in a variety of ecosystems has transformed community structure through mesopredator release and trophic cascades. Elasmobranch fishes, one of the earth’s most ubiquitous and

Northernmost record of a whale shark from the Sea of Okhotsk

Northernmost record of a whale shark from the Sea of Okhotsk

Published online on 03. January 2014 Northernmost record of a whale shark Rhincodon typus from the Sea of Okhotsk T. Tomita, T. Kawai, H. Matsubara, M. Kobayashi, S. Katakura ABSTRACT: The whale shark Rhincodon typus is the world’s largest fish and it occurs in tropical, subtropical and warm temperate waters. Here, the northernmost record of

Reef-Fidelity and Migration of Tiger Sharks across the Coral Sea

Reef-Fidelity and Migration of Tiger Sharks across the Coral Sea

Published on 08. January 2014 Reef-Fidelity and Migration of Tiger Sharks, Galeocerdo cuvier, across the Coral Sea Jonathan M. Werry, Serge Planes, Michael L. Berumen, Kate A. Lee, Camrin D. Braun, Eric Clua ABSTRACT: Knowledge of the habitat use and migration patterns of large sharks is important for assessing the effectiveness of large predator Marine

Growth and Maximum Size of Tiger Sharks in Hawaii

Growth and Maximum Size of Tiger Sharks in Hawaii

Published on 08. January 2014 Growth and Maximum Size of Tiger Sharks (Galeocerdo cuvier) in Hawaii Carl G. Meyer, Joseph M. O’Malley, Yannis P. Papastamatiou, Jonathan J. Dale, Melanie R. Hutchinson, James M. Anderson, Mark A. Royer, Kim N. Holland ABSTRACT: Tiger sharks (Galecerdo cuvier) are apex predators characterized by their broad diet, large size

Vertebral Bomb Radiocarbon Suggests Extreme Longevity in White Sharks

Vertebral Bomb Radiocarbon Suggests Extreme Longevity in White Sharks

Published on 08. January 2014 Vertebral Bomb Radiocarbon Suggests Extreme Longevity in White Sharks Li Ling Hamady, Lisa J. Natanson, Gregory B. Skomal, Simon R. Thorrold ABSTRACT: Conservation and management efforts for white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias) remain hampered by a lack of basic demographic information including age and growth rates. Sharks are typically aged by

Seasonal changes in movements and habitat preferences of the scalloped hammerhead shark

Seasonal changes in movements and habitat preferences of the scalloped hammerhead shark

Published in January 2014 Seasonal changes in movements and habitat preferences of the scalloped hammerhead shark (Sphyrna lewini) while refuging near an oceanic island James T. Ketchum, Alex Hearn, A. Peter Klimley, Eduardo Espinoza, César Peñaherrera, John L. Largier ABSTRACT: Movements and habitat preferences of sharks relative to a central location are widely documented for

First case of albinism recorded in striped panray from the coast of Senegal

First case of albinism recorded in striped panray from the coast of Senegal

Published in December 2013 First case of albinism recorded in striped panray Zanobatus schoenleinii (Chondrichthyes: Platyrhinidae) from the coast of Senegal (eastern tropical Atlantic) Y. Diatta, C. Reynaud, C. Capapé ABSTRACT: This paper gives the description of a striped panray Zanobatus schoenleinii (Müller and Henle, 1841) presenting the first case of albinism recorded in this

Quality Determination of Shark Meat Sausage Production

Quality Determination of Shark Meat Sausage Production

Published online on 31. December 2013 Quality Determination of Experimental Sausage Production from Shark Meat Dilek KAHRAMAN YILMAZ, Nermin BERIK ABSTRACT : In this study, sausage from spiny dog fish (Squalus acanthias) was produced. The purpose of study was to determine sausage made from shark meat was consumable or not. In order to find out

Frequency of multiple paternity varies between two populations of brown smoothhound shark

Frequency of multiple paternity varies between two populations of brown smoothhound shark

Published online on 03. January 2014 Frequency of multiple paternity varies between two populations of brown smoothhound shark, Mustelus henlei Chris L. Chabot, Brent M. Haggin ABSTRACT: Multiple paternity was recently observed in a population of the brown smoothhound shark, Mustelus henlei, from Las Barrancas, Baja California Sur, Mexico, with litters demonstrating the greatest percentage

A New Species of Eagle Ray Aetobatus narutobiei from the Northwest Pacific

A New Species of Eagle Ray Aetobatus narutobiei from the Northwest Pacific

Published on 31. December 2013 A New Species of Eagle Ray Aetobatus narutobiei from the Northwest Pacific: An Example of the Critical Role Taxonomy Plays in Fisheries and Ecological Sciences William T. White, Keisuke Furumitsu, Atsuko Yamaguchi ABSTRACT: Recent taxonomic and molecular work on the eagle rays (Family Myliobatidae) revealed a cryptic species in the

The EU shark finning ban at the beginning of the new millennium

The EU shark finning ban at the beginning of the new millennium

Published online on 29. December 2013 The EU shark finning ban at the beginning of the new millennium: the legal framework Annamaria Passantino ABSTRACT: The strong international market for shark fins, but the often relatively low value of shark meat and the practical constraints for preserving it on board, has led to the practice whereby

The complete mitochondrial genome of the basking shark

The complete mitochondrial genome of the basking shark

Published on 20. December 2013 The complete mitochondrial genome of the basking shark Cetorhinus maximus (Chondrichthyes, Cetorhinidae) Jennifer Hester, Kimberly Atwater, Andrea Bernard, Malcolm Francis, Mahmood S. Shivji ABSTRACT: The basking shark (Cetorhinus maximus) is the world’s second largest fish and the subject of strong conservation concern. Minimal genetic assessment exists for this globally distributed