Scientific Papers

Shark fisheries and trade characteristic in North Maluku

Shark fisheries and trade characteristic in North Maluku

Shark fisheries and trade characteristic in North Maluku, Indonesia M Ichsan, B M Simeon, E Muttaqin, S Ula and H Booth ABSTRACT: The waters of North Maluku Province are known as a hotspot for sharks in Indonesia. However, despite the richness and importance of shark population in this area, information about shark fisheries and trade

The Shark Meshing (Bather Protection) Program, NSW, Australia

The Shark Meshing (Bather Protection) Program, NSW, Australia

Effects and effectiveness of lethal shark hazard management: The Shark Meshing (Bather Protection) Program, NSW, Australia Leah Gibbs, Lachlan Fetterplace, Matthew Rees. Quentin Hanich ABSTRACT: 1. ‘Shark attack’ presents a considerable social‐environmental challenge. Each year a small number of people are injured or killed by shark bite. Concurrently, sharks and other marine life are subject

Antibiotic sensitivity of bacteria isolated from the oral cavities of live white sharks

Antibiotic sensitivity of bacteria isolated from the oral cavities of live white sharks

Antibiotic sensitivity of bacteria isolated from the oral cavities of live white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias) in South African waters Enrico Gennari, Alison A. Kock, Malcolm J. Smale, Alison Towner, Nasreen Khan, Linda A. Bester, Ryan Johnson, Chris Fischer, Michael Meÿer, Peter Morse ABSTRACT: The white shark (Carcharodon carcharias) is responsible for 49% of shark-related injuries

Ecological redundancy between coral reef sharks and predatory teleosts

Ecological redundancy between coral reef sharks and predatory teleosts

Ecological redundancy between coral reef sharks and predatory teleosts Shanta C. Barley, Timothy D. Clark, Jessica J. Meeuwig ABSTRACT: Reef sharks may be ecologically redundant, such that other mesopredatory fishes compensate for their functions when they decline in number, preventing trophic cascades. Oral jaw gape, hereafter referred to as gape, determines maximum prey size in

Environmental predictive models for shark attacks in Australian waters

Environmental predictive models for shark attacks in Australian waters

Environmental predictive models for shark attacks in Australian waters Laura A. Ryan, Samantha K. Lynch, Robert Harcourt, David J. Slip, Vic Peddemors, Jason D. Everett, Lisa-Marie Harrison, Nathan S. Hart ABSTRACT: Shark attacks are rare but traumatic events that generate social and economic costs and often lead to calls for enhanced attack mitigation strategies that

Skeletal Anatomy of the Bigeye Sand Tiger Shark

Skeletal Anatomy of the Bigeye Sand Tiger Shark

Skeletal Anatomy of the Bigeye Sand Tiger Shark, Odontaspis noronhai (Lamniformes: Odontaspididae), and Its Implications for Lamniform Phylogeny, Taxonomy, and Conservation Biology Nicholas R. Stone, Kenshu Shimada ABSTRACT: Lamniformes (Chondrichthyes: Elasmobranchii) is a group of sharks that consists of 15 extant species with a wide range of morphological diversity. The most rarely captured lamniform is

Population productivity of shovelnose rays

Population productivity of shovelnose rays

Population productivity of shovelnose rays: Inferring the potential for recovery Brooke M. D’Alberto, John K. Carlson, Sebastián A. Pardo, Colin A. Simpfendorfer ABSTRACT: There is recent evidence of widespread declines of shovelnose ray populations (Order Rhinopristiformes) in heavily fished regions. These declines, which are likely driven by high demand for their fins in Asian markets,

Photo-ID and telemetry highlight a global whale shark hotspot in Palawan

Photo-ID and telemetry highlight a global whale shark hotspot in Palawan

Photo-ID and telemetry highlight a global whale shark hotspot in Palawan, Philippines Gonzalo Araujo, Ariana Agustines, Brian Tracey, Sally Snow, Jessica Labaja, Alessandro Ponzo ABSTRACT: The Philippines is home to the second largest known population of whale sharks in the world. The species is listed as endangered due to continued population declines in the Indo-Pacific.

Plastics Pollute Indonesian Manta Ray and Whale Shark Feeding Grounds

Plastics Pollute Indonesian Manta Ray and Whale Shark Feeding Grounds

Microplastics on the Menu: Plastics Pollute Indonesian Manta Ray and Whale Shark Feeding Grounds Elitza S. Germanov, Andrea D. Marshall, I. Gede Hendrawan, Ryan Admiraal, Christoph A. Rohner, Janis Argeswara, Raka Wulandari, Mahardika R. Himawan, Neil R. Loneragan ABSTRACT: The implications of plastic pollution, including microplastics, on marine ecosystems and species are increasingly seen as

Recruitment of a critically endangered sawfish into a riverine nursery

Recruitment of a critically endangered sawfish into a riverine nursery

Recruitment of a critically endangered sawfish into a riverine nursery depends on natural flow regimes Karissa O. Lear, Adrian C. Gleiss, Jeff M. Whitty, Travis Fazeldean, J. R. Albert, Nathan Green, Brendan C. Ebner, Dean C. Thorburn, Stephen J. Beatty, David L. Morgan ABSTRACT: The freshwater sawfish (Pristis pristis) was recently listed as the most

Effectiveness of novel fabrics to resist punctures and lacerations from white shark

Effectiveness of novel fabrics to resist punctures and lacerations from white shark

Effectiveness of novel fabrics to resist punctures and lacerations from white shark (Carcharodon carcharias): Implications to reduce injuries from shark bites Sasha K. Whitmarsh, Dhara B. Amin, John J. Costi, Joshua D. Dennis, Charlie Huveneers ABSTRACT: Increases in the number of shark bites, along with increased media attention on shark-human interactions has led to growing

Intraspecific demography of the silky shark

Intraspecific demography of the silky shark

Intraspecific demography of the silky shark (Carcharhinus falciformis): implications for fisheries management Michael I Grant, Jonathan J Smart, Cassandra L Rigby, William T White, Andrew Chin, Leontine Baje, Colin A Simpfendorfer ABSTRACT: The silky shark (Carcharhinus falciformis) is one of the most heavily fished tropical shark species globally, and currently there is increasing concern for

Residency and spatial distribution of bull sharks in Reunion Island marine protected area

Residency and spatial distribution of bull sharks in Reunion Island marine protected area

Residency and spatial distribution of bull sharks Carcharhinus leucas in and around Reunion Island marine protected area Marc Soria, Michael R. Heithaus, Antonin Blaison, Estelle Crochelet, Fabien Forget, Pascale Chabanet ABSTRACT: A sudden increase in the rates of shark attacks on humans at Reunion Island has been blamed by some on the implementation of a

Shark tooth regeneration reveals common stem cell characters in both human rested lamina and ameloblastoma

Shark tooth regeneration reveals common stem cell characters in both human rested lamina and ameloblastoma

Shark tooth regeneration reveals common stem cell characters in both human rested lamina and ameloblastoma Gareth J. Fraser, Samar S. Hamed, Kyle J. Martin, Keith D. Hunter ABSTRACT: The human dentition is a typical diphyodont mammalian system with tooth replacement of most positions. However, after dental replacement and sequential molar development, the dental lamina undergoes

Diet of longnose stingray in tropical coastal waters of Brazil

Diet of longnose stingray in tropical coastal waters of Brazil

Diet of longnose stingray Hypanus guttatus (Myliobatiformes: Dasyatidae) in tropical coastal waters of Brazil Michel Donato Gianeti, Leandro Yokota, Rosangela Paula Teixeira Lessa, June Ferraz Dias ABSTRACT: This study investigated the diet of longnose stingray Hypanus guttatus in the tropical waters of north-eastern Brazil. Samples were obtained from monthly sampling of artisanal fisheries from August